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  • ISSN[Online] : 2643-9875  ||  ISSN[Print] : 2643-9840

VOLUME 04 ISSUE 07 JULY 2021

Yard Biodiversity to Support Local Economic Development in Skouw Mabo Village, Muara Tami Sub District, Jayapura City, Papua Province, Indonesia
1Alfred Alfonso Antoh,2 Leonardo Elisa Aisoi
1,2Biology education study program, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Cenderawasih University, Abepura 99351, Jayapura, Papua Province, Indonesia
DOI : https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmra/v4-i7-02

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ABSTRACT:

The biodiversity of plants in the tropical forests of Papua is the time to be conserved using the yard approach. These plants have ecological benefits for environmental sustainability but also as wildlife habitat. The plants that are planted around community homes now also have an economic impact on the family to improve the family's economy. This study aims to obtain the value of yard biodiversity based on vertical diversity (strata) and functional diversity (horizontal) and to determine its benefits. Data collection using vegetation analysis methods and calculation of biodiversity values using the Shanon and Wiener indices. The results of the study are that there are 2 very dominant types of plants in the yard, namely areca nut (Areca catechu L.) with a summed dominance ratio (SDR) of 58.4-66.2. For other types there are Moringa (Moringa oleifera) with (SDR) 10.8. The conclusion of the dominant areca nut and moringa is closely related to culture and the two plants currently support economically for increasing the income of families in the village.

KEY WORDS:

Productive yards, Vertical diversity, Horizontal diversity, Farmer's income

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VOLUME 04 ISSUE 07 JULY 2021

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