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VOLUME 04 ISSUE 05 MAY 2021

Changes in the Biomass of Vegetation in the Aral Sea Region
1B.А.Adilov,2Kh.F.Shomurodov,3 F.I. Polvonov,4R.А.Eshmuratov,5Sh.Tamambetova
1,2,3 Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan
4,5Nukus state pedagogical Institute named after Ajiniyaz
DOI : https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmra/v4-i5-29

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ABSTRACT:

Long-term changes in the plant biomass of the dried bottom of the Aral Sea and the Karakalpak part of the Ustyurt plateau were determined. Despite the drying of the Aral Sea 50 years ago, primary and intermediate stages of vegetation haloseries dominated by annual and shrub halophyte fraction remains as the main directing force of succession. The emergence and increase in the area of "zero" or arid local territories after the 1990s is observed in the central, especially southern part of the Karakalpak Ustyurt. In contrast to the formation of vegetation on the drained bottom of the Aral Sea, long-term changes in the biomass of various natural-territorial complexes of Ustyurt are characterized by a negative correlation with a reduction in the area of mirrors over the past 30 years.

KEY WORDS:

NDVI, TSAVI, biomass, aridization, salt marshes, gypsum soils

REFERENCES

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2) Wucherer, W., 1979. Primary overgrowing of the drying coast of the Aral Sea. In: Problems of desert development, 2, 66-70. (In Russian).
3) Dimeyeva, L., 2015. Natural and Anthropogenic Dynamics of Vegetation in the Aral Sea Coast // American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2015. N4 (3-1). P. 136-142. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.s.2015040301.31.
4) Kuzmina, Zh.V. Treshkin, S.E., Bakhiev, A., Mamutov, N., 2006. Experience in the formation of vegetation in the salt marshes of the dried part of the Aral Sea. In: Aral Sea basin problems. Scientific Practical Conference. Nukus, 42-46. (in Russian).
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8) Tamambetova Sh, B. The State of Coenopopulations of Crambe Edentula Fisch. & C.A. Mey. Ex Korsh in the Conditions of Karakalpak Ustyurt //Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology. // ISSN: 1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2021, Pages. 4103 – 4113. https://www.annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/1284
9) Eshmuratov R.A., Embergenov D., Bayniyazova G. Activity of Photosynthesis and Dynamics of Carbohydrates of Stachys L. Types in different Introduction Conditions. Journal of Agriculture Science. 2021, Volume 36, Pages: 153-156. http://alinteridergisi.com/article/activity-of-photosynthesis-and-dynamics-of-carbohydrates-of-stachys-l-types-in different-introduction-conditions.
10) Eshmuratov R.A., Atamuratov R., Saidova D. Biomorphological features of Stachys species (Lamiaceae) in the conditions of introduction. International scientific journal «Internauka». № 5 (85) / 2020, Pages: 7-15. https://doi.org/10.25313/2520-2057-2020-5-5830

VOLUME 04 ISSUE 05 MAY 2021

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