• editor@ijmra.in
  • ISSN[Online] : 2643-9875  ||  ISSN[Print] : 2643-9840

VOLUME 03 ISSUE 12 DECEMBER 2020

Analysis of the Impacts of Urbanisation on Land Cover Change in Gombe Local Government Area, Gombe State Nigeria
1Bibi Umar Muhammed, 2Adam M. Abbas, 3Abubakar Abdullahi
1,2,3Department of Geography, Federal University of Kashere
DOI : https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmra/v3-i12-17

Google Scholar Download Pdf
ABSTRACT:

Like many other Nigerian capital cities of newly created states in the 1990s, Gombe the capital city of Gombe State in the North-eastern geopolitical zone has experienced tremendous change in the land cover which is primarily driven by urbanisation. However, little is known on the extent of this urban expansion, how it has affected other land cover types or the dynamics of demographic change as a function of urban growth in the area. This spatial information is highly needed for effective planning and development. This paper, therefore, attempts to answer these questions by firstly, processing LandSat5 images of 1998 and Landsat 8 images of 2016 both of November of Gombe Local Government Area where the state capital is situated. Image processing is then carried out using the semi-automated classification plugin in QGIS 2.18. A supervised classification scheme was used to classify the 1998 and 2016 Landsat Image scenes into four land cover classes (water bodies, built-up area, bare-surface and vegetation) using the spectral angle mapping algorithm. Secondly, the paper analysed population data of Gombe Local Government Area for the same period to understand the dynamics of population change in the area. Based on the findings, urban land cover type increased from 13.02 Km2 (25.14% of the total land cover) in November 1998 to 25.98 km2 (50.17% of the entire land cover) in November 2016. As a result of this change in land cover, all other land cover types decreased in areal coverage. A Kappa index of 0.82 and 0.81 suggest that that the error margins during the supervised classification process of the 1998 and 2016 Landsat images are relatively small. The implications of rapid changes in land cover and population change in the area over a short period of 18 years on planning and management are also discussed.

KEYWORDS

Land cover change, image analysis, population change, QGIS

REFERENCES

1) Abebe, G. A., 2013. Quantifying urban growth pattern in developing countries using remote sensing and spatial metrics: a case study in Kampala, Uganda. From www.itc.nl/library/papers_2013/msc/up m/abebe.pdf. Accessed 23 March 2014

2) Adeniyi, P. O., 1986. Agricultural Land use Inventory and Mapping in Nigeria: The application of Remote Sensing. In M. J. Eden & J. T. Parry (Eds.), Remote sensing and tropical land management (pp. 175-187): John Wiley and Sons.

3) Adeniyi, P. O., and Omojola, A., 1999. Land use/Land cover change evaluation in Sokoto-Rima Basin of N.W. Nigeria based on Archival Remote sensing and G.I.S. techniques. In P. O. Adeniyi (Ed.), Geoformation Technology Application for Resource and Environmental Management in Africa (pp. 143-172): AARSE.

4) Aliyu Zailani Abubakar (2015) Effects of Urbanisation on Landuse/Landcover Changes in Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria. An unpublished M.Sc. Remote Sensing and G.I.S. submitted to A.B.U. Zaria July 2015

5) Atalel Getu Sahalu (February 2014) Analysis of Urban Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study In Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. An Unpublished MSc in Geospatial Technologies submitted to Department of Mathematics, Universitat Jaume I (U.J.I.), Castellon, Spain

6) Basawaraja, R., K. B. Chari, S. R. Mise and S. B. Chetti (2011) Analysis of the impact of urban sprawl in altering the landuse, land-cover pattern of Raichur City, India, using geospatial technologies in; Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol. 4(8), pp. 455-462, August 2011 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/JGRP

7) Braimoh, A. K., and Onishi, T. (2007). Spatial determinants of urban land-use change in

8) Lagos, Nigeria. Land Use Policy, 24(2), 502-5 1 5. d o i : 10.1016/j.landusepol.2006.09.001

9) Congedo Luca (2016). Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin Documentation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29474.02242/1

10) Dennison P.E., Halligan K. and Roberts D. A. (2004). A comparison of error metrics and

11) Constraints for multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis and spectral angle mapper Remote Sensing of Environment 93(3):359-367

12) Gadiga B. L and Galtima M. (2017) Analysis of Land Use/Cover Dynamics in a Rapidly

13) Urbanizing City: The Case of Gombe Metropolitan Area, Nigeria Journal of Geographic Information System, 2017, 9, 637- 647

14) Ibietan J. and Ndukwe P (2014) Local Government Administration in Nigeria and Community Development: The Efficiency Services Interrogation International Journal of Management Sciences 3(10): 751-764

15) Idris S. and Dharmasiri L. M. (2016) Application of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System for Assessment of Flood Risk on the Major Downstream Areas of Gombe Metropolis, Nigeria Journal of Environment and Earth Science 6(8)

16) Ikusemoran Mayomi, Bala Bello Wanah and Lazarus Abore Mbaya (2016). Geospatial Techniques for Terrain Analysis of Gombe State, Nigeria in Geospatial Techniques for Terrain Analysis of Gombe State, Nigeria Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International 6(1): 1-20, 2016; SCIENCEDOMAIN international www.sciencedomain.org

17) Javaid Ahmad Tali, Divya.S. and Krishna Murthy ( 2013) Influence of Urbanisation on the Land Use Change: A Case Study of Srinagar City in; American Journal of Research Communication Vol 1(7) www.usa-journals.com

18) Maina B, Sulei S., Amin D. C., Kollos N. P. and Doyil D. C. (2017) Land use/Land Cover Change Detection of Gombe Metropolis, Gombe State, Nigeria Academia Journal of Environmental Science 5(6) National Bureau of Statistics (2018). Annual Abstract of Statistics, 2018

19) Oboh S. O. (2018) Urban Landuse extension on agricultural landuse in Tunfere, Gombe State of Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Conflict Management 3(1): 31-52

20) Sadiq Mukhtar (2016) Land Use Land Cover Change Detection through Remote Sensing Approach in Kano State Nigeria in; Pyrex Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol 2(2) pp.16-28 June 2016

21) Sajjad, H. and Iqbal, M. (2012). Impact of urbanisation on land use/land cover of Dudhganga watershed of Kashmir Valley, India. Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

22) Whanda S. J., Galtima M. and Yakubu D. (2016) The Application of Geospatial Analytical Techniques in the Assessment of Land Use Conflicts among Farmers and Cross-Boundary

23) Nomadic Cattle Herders in the Gombe Region, Nigeria Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective 10(2): 125-142

VOLUME 03 ISSUE 12 DECEMBER 2020

Our Services and Policies

Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions given in the authors' guidelines. Manuscripts which do not conform to the format and style of the Journal may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected.

The Journal reserves the right to make any further formal changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication so that it conforms to the formatting requirements of the Journal.

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis will publish 12 monthly online issues per year,IJMRA publishes articles as soon as the final copy-edited version is approved. IJMRA publishes articles and review papers of all subjects area.

Open access is a mechanism by which research outputs are distributed online, Hybrid open access journals, contain a mixture of open access articles and closed access articles.

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis initiate a call for research paper for Volume 04 Issue 01(January 2021).

PUBLICATION DATES:
1) Last Date of Submission : 25 JANUARY 2021.
2) Article published within a week.
3) Submit Article : editor@ijmra.in or Online

Why with us

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis is better then other journals because:-
1 : IJMRA only accepts original and high quality research and technical papers.
2 : Paper will publish immediately in current issue after registration.
3 : Authors can download their full papers at any time with digital certificate.

The Editors reserve the right to reject papers without sending them out for review.

Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions given in the authors' guidelines. Manuscripts which do not conform to the format and style of the Journal may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected. The Journal reserves the right to make any further formal changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication so that it conforms to the formatting requirements of the Journal.

Indexed In
Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar